The basic unit of the CPSU was the primary party organization, which was a feature in all factories, government offices, schools, and collective farms and any other body of any importance whatsoever.
The Russian army was ill prepared and the war effort made matters worse. Chernenko did little to prevent the escalation of the cold war with the United States and Western Europe.
The party congress nominally elected the or so members of the Central Committee of the CPSU, which met at least twice a year to perform the work of the party in between congresses. Fearing an attack on the palace, guards opened fire on the marchers. Those who did play a role were the conservatives, namely the Kadets and the Octobrists those who believed in and supported the October Manifesto.
This is what the leaders in the U. Millions died during the Great Famine of Rural peasants were forced to join collective farms. The Soviet Union as Russia came to be known developed into one of the strongest nations in the world and entered into a protracted power struggle with America in the Cold War, as Russia challenged America and the rest of the capitalist world.
The Secretariat was responsible for the day-to-day administrative work of the party machine. In September, the conservatives staged a counter-revolution against the Provisional Government.