A history of communist rule in russia

russian revolution

The basic unit of the CPSU was the primary party organization, which was a feature in all factories, government offices, schools, and collective farms and any other body of any importance whatsoever.

The Russian army was ill prepared and the war effort made matters worse. Chernenko did little to prevent the escalation of the cold war with the United States and Western Europe.

The party congress nominally elected the or so members of the Central Committee of the CPSU, which met at least twice a year to perform the work of the party in between congresses. Fearing an attack on the palace, guards opened fire on the marchers. Those who did play a role were the conservatives, namely the Kadets and the Octobrists those who believed in and supported the October Manifesto.

soviet communism definition

This is what the leaders in the U. Millions died during the Great Famine of Rural peasants were forced to join collective farms. The Soviet Union as Russia came to be known developed into one of the strongest nations in the world and entered into a protracted power struggle with America in the Cold War, as Russia challenged America and the rest of the capitalist world.

The Secretariat was responsible for the day-to-day administrative work of the party machine. In September, the conservatives staged a counter-revolution against the Provisional Government.

A history of communist rule in russia

The government was unable to keep this support, because they could not meet the most basic needs of the masses- peace, food and land. Two governmental bodies were put in place: the Provisional Committee of the Duma, and the Provisional Committee of the Soviet. This led to devastating food shortages. The first Five-Year Plan focused on collectivizing agriculture and rapid industrialization. At home, however, Khrushchev initiated a series of political reforms that made Soviet society less repressive. The Communists believed that consolidating individually owned farms into a series of large state-run collective farms would increase agricultural productivity. Soviet citizens often did not have access to basic needs, such as clothing or shoes. These achievements, of course, had not been reached without conflicts and setbacks.
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Communism in Russia