Chartes cathedral 1
It was more ambitious, and features an octagonal spire placed atop a square tower, and reaches a height of meters.
Chartres cathedral labyrinth
Thousands of pilgrims travel to it on foot, saying the rosary, to hear the timeless words of the old Mass in this darkly glowing interior. The result is a continuous and serried rhythm that exalts the effect of verticality of the space emphasized by a plastic accentuation of the structural system: the revolutionary pilier cantonne, used here for the first time, confers a sensible material concreteness. Our Videos Other standout examples are the window depicting the Passion and Resurrection, which dates to c. Located roughly 80 kilometres southwest of Paris, the Basilican cathedral was largely built between and , and was the fifth cathedral to stand on the site - a site revered by both Romans and Druids - since the 4th century. The majority of its 32, square feet of stained glass has survived, while the overall architecture has witnessed only minor changes since the early 13th century, notably the 16th century addition of a flamboyant-style metre spire. Most windows, when they tell a narrative such as the life of a saint, should be read from left to right starting at the base. A two-bay narthex at the western end opens into a seven bay nave leading to the crossing, from which wide transepts extend three bays each to north and south. The greater liberty made possible by the buttressing of the vaults thanks to rampant arches and the consequent abolition of tribunes permitted the master of Chartres to organize the interior spaces of the nave in a highly original way. The central portal and tympanum with Christ in Majesty in a mandorla surrounded by the four apocalyptic beasts The beasts of the Apocalypse--lion and ox The four Evangelists are represented as four winged creatures: Mark, a lion, Luke, an ox, John, an eagle, and Matthew, a man. It was completed in and originally was just two stories high, with a lead-covered roof. You can email the Tourist Office. It reaches height of meters, just above the south tower. Equally superb are its architecture and sculpture, survivors of two major fires and numerous wars and revolutions.
The weight of the vaults is passed to the buttresses by way of double arches and arcades of radial colonettes. The heads of the transept end in a richly decorated projecting atrium above which a series of fine lancet windows connects to rose windows, creating an extraordinary luminous surface that opened the way for the later transepts of St Denis and Paris.
Summary Chartres Cathedral, perhaps even more so than Notre-Dame Cathedral in Parisis generally considered to be the greatest and best preserved example of Gothic architecture in France.
Each is a miniature pilgrimage church, with a traditional west front with three portals and porches where figure sculpture stresses the mission of the church to teach and preach. It depicts Christ on a cloud, supported by two angels, above a row of figures representing the labours of the months and signs of the Zodiac  One of the few parts of the cathedral to survive the fire Portail royal was integrated into the new cathedral.
With a metre high vault - 4 metres taller than the ceiling in Notre-Dame - and walls almost entirely made of stained glass, Chartres Cathedral exemplifies the improvements offered by Gothic art over the previous style of Romanesque Architecture c. The interior of the Chartres cathedral is remarkable.
Authenticity Chartres Cathedral presents outstanding authenticity, both through its structure and its decor, notably the portals and their sculptured decoration having undergone little alteration, and the exceptional ensemble of stained-glass of the 13th century, which are the object of constant conservation measures, and are today in a remarkable state of conservation.
He made a building that seems classical in the harmony of its proportions, as is clear in the elevation, where the arcade and the clerestory are given the same value.
The face of the clock is eighteen feet in diameter. Plans were made for the addition of seven more spires around the cathedral, but these were abandoned.
Chartres cathedral architecture analysis
The archivolts contain the signs of the zodiac and the labours of the months — standard references to the cyclical nature of time which appear in many gothic portals. Although in the 18th and 19th century these figures were mistakenly identified as the Merovingian monarchs of France thus attracting the opprobrium of Revolutionary iconoclasts they almost certainly represent the kings and queens of the Old Testament — another standard iconographical feature of gothic portals. Its last narrow escape from total destruction occurred on a warm June night in , when an unexplained fire destroyed the roof timbers and melted the lead. These vaults were also innovative, having just four compartments, unlike the six-part vaults of earlier Gothic churches. It is the tallest stone spire in existence. The timber beams under the roof were replaced with an iron framework covered with copper plates  The Portals and their sculpture[ edit ] The cathedral has three great portals or entrances, opening into the nave from the west and into the transepts from north and south. Chartres makes a good day trip from Paris, or you can stay the night. The central portal and tympanum with Christ in Majesty in a mandorla surrounded by the four apocalyptic beasts The beasts of the Apocalypse--lion and ox The four Evangelists are represented as four winged creatures: Mark, a lion, Luke, an ox, John, an eagle, and Matthew, a man. At the same time, the new liturgical demands for visual participation of the faithful in the celebration of the Eucharist, as established in the final years of the 12th century, led to a new concept of the choir: the luminous space of the apse became the preferred setting for the liturgy and for polyphonic singing. Architecture of Chartres Cathedral The cathedral represents the true prototype of the Gothic cathedral characterized by a longitudinal body with a nave and two aisles and an elevation on three levels - arcade, triforium, clerestory - crossed by a short transept and ending in a deep presbytery with ambulatory and radiating chapels. There are religious scenes to tell the faithful the key stories of the Bible as well as countless depictions of saints, kings, queens, nobles, knights, and priests. Some see this as a depiction of the Ascension of Christ in which case the figures on the lower lintel would represent the disciples witnessing the event while others see it as representing the Parousia, or Second Coming of Christ in which case the lintel figures could be either the prophets who foresaw that event or else the 'Men of Galilee' mentioned in Acts
There are religious scenes to tell the faithful the key stories of the Bible as well as countless depictions of saints, kings, queens, nobles, knights, and priests.
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