Ecology in relation to ecocriticism

literature and environment essay

The same is true for literary ecology. It invites new readings of ancient texts and a re-consideration of the traditions that shape our environmental humanities.

paper presentation ecocriticism

Google Scholar Goodbody, Axel. It uses the cultural reception of ancient texts as an example of a sustainable cultural process in which a past artefact is stored and finally re-activated through processes of cultural transfer and where the interaction with a medium of the cultural memory can spark new creative work.

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Principles of ecocriticism

Notes 1 Cf. Where antiquity is present, it is often only in an aside 12 or footnote, but so far there has not been any real effort to extensively deal with pre-modern environmental perspectives from an ecocritical or cultural ecological vantage point. It uses the cultural reception of ancient texts as an example of a sustainable cultural process in which a past artefact is stored and finally re-activated through processes of cultural transfer and where the interaction with a medium of the cultural memory can spark new creative work. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, To be sure, our volume only deals with a handful of examples and there is much more to discover. Chinn connects traditional interpretations of the poem which see it as praise of the emperor 25 Domitian not least for exerting of control over nature through the highway construction project , with an environmental perspective that also entails critique and subversion. He tests it for a film mal adaptation about Amazonian deforestation. Vienna: Passagen, On the one hand, the volume aims at a re-evaluation of ancient texts and traditions in the light of present-day environmental concerns; on the other hand, it tries to re-consider our contemporary outlook on and cultural concepts of the more- than-human world in the light of cultures far removed from our own. There is one last issue I would like to address in this context and that is the question of relevance. The canonical Dao de jing of Laozi is thereby discussed in detail as a text that did not only evolve from a time of crisis in ancient China, but also as a text that is highly relevant — despite different cultural registers and frameworks — to our own day and age.

Implementing the Gomides definition, Joseph Henry Vogel makes the case that ecocriticism constitutes an "economic school of thought" as it engages audiences to debate issues of resource allocation that have no technical solution.

Heidelberg: Winter, Their ecologizing outlook underlines the interconnection between different human societies and their respective geographies and the Mediterranean environment as a whole in a grand sweep that looks at feedback loops and interactional frameworks.

A third idea extensively discussed by Glacken can also be found in contemporary environmental thought, namely that premodern or ancient cultures had lived harmoniously with their natural surroundings at least when compared to the modern epoch and that the ancient ecosystem was characterized by a peaceful equilibrium.

Ecology in relation to ecocriticism

Ashton Nichols has recently argued that the historical dangers of a romantic version of nature now need to be replaced by "urbanatural roosting", a view that sees urban life and the natural world as closely linked and argues for humans to live more lightly on the planet, the way virtually all other species do. Gifford suggests that many ecocritical explorations of pastoral derive entirely from reception rather than a reading of the founding texts. It is one of the hopefully enduring achievements of a humanistic education that the study of worlds far removed from our own has value in itself. Definition[ edit ] In comparison with other 'political' forms of criticism, there has been relatively little dispute about the moral and philosophical aims of ecocriticism, although its scope has broadened rapidly from nature writing, romantic poetry, and canonical literature to take in film, television, theatre, animal stories, architectures, scientific narratives and an extraordinary range of literary texts. Humboldt was certainly right in proclaiming that a historical deep perspective was part of our cultural imaginations of the environment. Chapter Abstract One of the most significant developments in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century has been the emergence of ecocriticism as a new transdisciplinary paradigm in literary and cultural studies. British marxist critic Raymond Williams , for example, wrote a seminal critique of pastoral literature in , The Country and the City. It includes an extensive discussion of ancient texts, which are laid out chronologically and whose aesthetic quality is judged according to whether these texts accord an autonomous presence to non-human nature. Implementing the Gomides definition, Joseph Henry Vogel makes the case that ecocriticism constitutes an "economic school of thought" as it engages audiences to debate issues of resource allocation that have no technical solution. Necessarily, selections had to be made and it is clear that this book is only a first step in bringing modern environmental discourse together with the ancient world. The different methodologies employed are not signs of incoherence, but rather reflect the broad spectrum now characteristic of the environmental humanities as well as the heterogeneity and distinctiveness of antiquity itself. This will help in highlighting lines of continuation that shape humanistic thinking today; it will also bring to light a posthuman antiquity whose signs we only begin to understand. The last few years have seen a remarkable increase in classical studies that integrate pothumanist, new materialist and object-oriented philosophy into their respective agendas. The canonical Dao de jing of Laozi is thereby discussed in detail as a text that did not only evolve from a time of crisis in ancient China, but also as a text that is highly relevant — despite different cultural registers and frameworks — to our own day and age.
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Ecocriticism and Cultural Ecology