How to write a psychology literature review abstract
According to the official guidelines of the American Psychological Association, a good abstract should be: Brief but packed with information.
Literature review template
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Abstract Guidelines An abstract of a report of an empirical study should describe: 1 the problem under investigation 2 the participants with specific characteristics such as age, sex, ethnic group 3 essential features of the study method 4 basic findings 5 conclusions and implications or applications. Use the active rather than the passive voice e. Please try again. Open Access Journals What is an Abstract? Write a rough draft of your abstract. Its ultimate goal is to bring the reader up to date with current literature on a topic and forms the basis for another goal, such as future research that may be needed in the area. An abstract for a literature review or meta-analysis should describe: 1 the problem or relations under investigation 2 study eligibility criteria 3 types of participants 4 main results, including the most important effect sizes, and any important moderators of these effect sizes 5 conclusions, including limitations 6 implications for theory, policy, and practice. A well-structured literature review is characterized by a logical flow of ideas; current and relevant references with consistent, appropriate referencing style; proper use of terminology; and an unbiased and comprehensive view of the previous research on the topic. What is a Literature Review? Describe the participants in the study. Don't try to include everything. Sign up to get these answers, and more, delivered straight to your inbox. You should also center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page.
You're in! Open Access Journals What is an Abstract? Psychology papers such as lab reports and APA format articles also often require an abstract.
A literature review is a body of text that aims to review the critical points of current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Wikipedia An abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of an article.
Were they college students? The abstract should also be written as only one paragraph with no indentation.
Literature review abstract method
Online Library Learning Center Glossary " In these cases as well, the abstract should include all of the major elements of your paper, including an introduction, hypothesis, methods, results, and discussion. An abstract for a case study should describe 1 the subject and relevant characteristics of the individual, group, community, or organization presented 2 the nature of or solution to a problem illustrated by the case example 3 questions raised for additional research or theory. Have you ever wondered what your personality type means? These style guidelines specify different aspects of a document's presentation and layout, including how pages are structured, the organization of references, and how citations are made. For an abstract of a meta-analysis or literature review: Describe the problem of interest. If you are writing the abstract for a class, you might want to check with your instructor to see if he or she has a specific word count in mind. Things to Consider When Writing an Abstract The format of your abstract also depends on the type of paper you are writing.
This format also stipulates the use of an abstract designed to very briefly summarize the key details contained in a paper without providing too much detail. Your analysis or review probably only looks at a portion of these studies.
Keep it short. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such as a thesis, a literature review usually precedes a research proposal and results section.
Psychology literature review example pdf
In many cases, you might begin by stating the question you sought out to investigate and your hypothesis. Notice the main points that the authors chose to mention in the abstract. Write a rough draft of your abstract. An abstract for a literature review or meta-analysis should describe: 1 the problem or relations under investigation 2 study eligibility criteria 3 types of participants 4 main results, including the most important effect sizes, and any important moderators of these effect sizes 5 conclusions, including limitations 6 implications for theory, policy, and practice. Objective and accurate. If you are writing your paper for a psychology course, your professor may have specific word requirements, so be sure to ask. It should also accurately reflect what your paper is about. The sixth-edition APA manual suggests that an abstract be between and words. The abstract's purpose is to report rather than provide commentary.
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