Romania development path in 19th century

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From such a perspective the town came to seem a foreign excrescence on the healthy body of rural Romania, especially as urban communities were in fact largely foreign, or at least cosmopolitan.

The only analogous institutes anywhere in Latin America in the 's and 's were the research division of the Argentine Central Bank, which Raul Prebisch organized inand an economics research institute founded at the University of Mexico UNAM in the same year.

Palma argues for Chile, as Dean does for Brazil, that export expansion was a precondition of industrialization Palma, ; Dean, The idea of the nation-state is no more than two centuries old, and nowhere is it written that it must endure to eternity.

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Elsewhere in Brazil the condition of rural labor was considerably worse. The boyars, too, could invoke history, and they did not hesitate to do so, but the existing state of things both in fact and in law was on their side anyway. Argentina by had a per capita income approaching that of Australia, and the real growth rate of its economy had been almost twice that of Australia for Diaz-Alejandro, Specialization in traditional agricultural pursuits required four hours of Romanian labor to purchase the product of a single hour of English labor.

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The Romanians thus integrated themselves with greater history again and avoided the marginalization to which a withdrawal within the strictly defined space of ancient Dacia would have condemned them. Che vol dire: Sai tu Romano?

The more transforming an ideology aspires to be, the more radical the project, the more it appeals to the past: to a past restructured according to the necessities and ideals of the present.

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Gherea, as an orthodox social democrat, if an unorthodox theorist, favored industrialization, and a rising school of corporatists, who initially called themselves "neoliberals," soon took up the same cause. The impact of the Great Depression was severe. Even the national idea and the nation-state itself originated in the ideological evolution of the West. If the national revolution was to be victorious, it had to be sustained by a social revolution. Agriculture, Stere contended, citing Karl Kautsky, Germany's leading Marxist theoretician, was not subject to Marx's laws of the concentration and centralization of capital. However, its references to the past, to a clearly oudined historical model, are extremely frequent and significant. Argentina especially found itself in straits, since it sought both American investiment and industrial goods notably motor vehicles , but could not sell to the U. Manoilescu's prestige as an economist was complemented by his reputation as a theorist of corporatism.

However, the construction which it attempted—that of a new type of civilization—has collapsed, requiring us, at the end of half a century of exit from history, to retrace the steps taken a century and a half ago.

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Essay about Romania Development Path in 19th Century: A Debate