A Frenchman, Marquis de Chastellux, quipped, "it may be said that Mr. Jefferson was one of two surviving sons. When Jefferson arrived in Philadelphia in June,as a Virginia delegate to the Second Continental Congress, he already possessed, as John Adams remarked, "a reputation for literature, science, and a happy talent of composition" Koch and Peden Two of these writers were Olaudah Equiano and Thomas Jefferson.
In the presidential election ofthe Federalists refused to back Adams, clearing the way for the Republican candidates Jefferson and Aaron Burr to tie for first place with 73 electoral votes each. However, after Great Britain and France, who were at war, both began harassing American merchant ships, Jefferson implemented the Embargo of As he wrote to his good friend, James Monroe"My God!
He was inspired by the Enlightenment ideals of the sanctity of the individual, as well as by the writings of Locke and Montesquieu.
Emerging splits among Republicans themselves pitted orthodox, strict constructionist "Old Republicans" against "National Republicans" who favored a more positive and activist according to critics, Hamiltonian conception of federal power.